Thanks to ever increasing amounts of research, the health benefits of probiotics have now gained widespread recognition, to the extent that in some countries they are prescribed by doctors.
However, probiotics are by no means new. Cultured and fermented foods have a long history of use for medicinal purposes, dating back to ancient civilisations. Then in the early nineteenth century Metchnikoff, the head of the Pasteur Institute in Paris, officially developed a soured milk product. It was based on a culture of S. Thermophilus and L. bulgaricus and he proposed it as a tonic for the bowel.
Probiotics are beneficial, lactic acid-producing bacteria which inhabit the gut and keep the less desirable, disease causing bacteria in check
The word probiotic is Greek and means “for life” as opposed to antibiotic which means “anti-life”.